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About Author

Author is interested in mysteries of the universe such as

  •  Did Big-bang really happen?
  •  Can the Fundamental forces be combined into one?
  •  How the gravity is created?
  •  Is time-travel possible?

After reading a number of books trying to find answer of such questions, the author noted that most of the books on science are difficult for common persons to read and assimilate, so he started writing science books such that even layman can read and understand the complex theories of science related to creation of universe, gravitation, time travel, formation of atoms etc. Author has written three books, and has published two article in Indian Journal of Science and Technology.
1) Energy Distribution of Radiation Emitted by a Black-body – Independent of Probability
2) A Study of Redundancy of Time dilation in Theory of Relativity
First book is named ‘Lines of Space- Source of fundamental forces and constituent of all matter in the universe”
Second book is “the Big bang and Lines of space- A simple dialogue on two diverse concepts”
Third book is named Black-body Radiation- An Explanation without Probability. this book is about a formula derived by Max Planck.
In the year 1900, the famous professor of physics in the University of Berlin, Max Planck, derived a formula for energy distribution of black-body radiation. He gave the explanation of his formula using quantization of energy, which was a great shift from the classical physics and led to the birth of Quantum physics.In this formula, he also made use of probability,which led to strange results and a requirement was always felt to prove the formula without probability. The author had derived this formula of physics without probability and published the results in the Indian Journal of Science and Technology. Since the article published in the journal is difficult to assimilate for the layman, the author has written this book explaining the derivation of the formula by traditional method as well as without the use of probability.

Lines of Space



How did our universe come into existence? Humanity has solicited an answer to this question for centuries. Various theories have been put forward but none is perfect. The most accepted is Big-Bang theory which articulates that our universe consisting of billions of stars could have originated from a small point with an event designated as the Big-Bang. But how the Big-Bang happened and what existed before the Big-Bang, is still a mystery. New Ideas are being proposed and the latest is that everything is made of fundamental “strings,” and this is called string theory.

Hence the creation of matter particles and universe is still a mystery. In this book, the author dwells on this mystery and deliberates on a new type of strings that he has designated as Lines of Space. The author commences the book with the development of science narrated as a story in the course of a conversation with his son. He describes the Structure of atoms, the Theory of Relativity, Expansion of the Universe and various other assertions of science. At the same time, he expresses his own vacillates as a common man and tries to disinter their answers for his own satisfaction. During this forage, he gets new inklings and by using mathematical calculations and a logical approach, he arrives at an innovative concept of Lines of Space, in which the “lines” possess different properties from the “strings” of “string theory.” In this book, the author also explicates how Lines of Space can be used to find the answers to various questions of science. The author has given logical explanations to support his idea of Lines of Space and presented it in a simple, systematic and interesting manner such that all readers irrespective of their level of comprehension of physics can assimilate the Lines of Space responsible for creating the universe.


The Big Bang and Lines of Space

Front Cover



13.7 billion years ago, an infinitesimal point in space exploded with such a gigantic force that it is still expanding. During its expansion, it caused the formation of billions of galaxies, numerous stars and our own solar system, including the Earth. This idea of creation of the universe is known as the Big Bang, and this is the most prevailing scientific concept of the creation of the universe. But this concept has some weaknesses. Therefore, a perpetual hunt for a better concept is on. There are many alternative ideas being put forward. One of them is “Lines of Space”.

“Lines of Space” is imagined to be a medium of space similar to the Ether that was proposed in the 1860s by the famous scientist James Clerk Maxwell, who had also proven that light is an electromagnetic radiation.

The book elucidating the concept of Lines of Space is written in a conversational style and has got very good remarks from the readers. A few of them are written after this Introduction, just to give an idea what the readers have said about Lines of Space.

After writing that book, the Author encountered a few incidents, where he became aware that, in general, there is not enough clarity in the understanding of the Big Bang theory. So, he decided to write this book and give a comparison between the Big Bang, and Lines of Space. This book also has been written in the same conversational style as the first book Lines of Space, but with a different background. Although it is recommended to read the first book also, it is not a must for reading the present book, which is self-explanatory in all aspects.


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